Archive for the ‘Metaphysics’ Category
“Revisionary Ontology with No Apologies”
By Dávid Kovács,
Department of Philosophy, Cornell University
DATE: Thursday 24 March 2016
TIME: 15:40 – 18:00
PLACE: H-355, Bilkent University, Ankara
Revisionary ontologies appear to disagree with common sense about which material objects there are. There are powerful arguments for these views, but even after having provided them, their proponents face the Problem of Reasonableness: they need to explain why most reasonable people hold beliefs apparently incompatible with the true ontology. According to mainstream approaches to this problem, the mismatch between ordinary belief and the true ontology is either merely apparent or superficial. In their place, I propose my unapologetic view, which consists of a causal and an evaluative component. In the causal component, I argue that our tendencies to form beliefs about material objects were influenced by selective pressures that were independent from the ontological truth. In the evaluative component, I draw a parallel with the New Evil Demon Problem and argue that whatever is the best treatment of this problem, the revisionary ontologist can apply it to ordinary people’s beliefs about material objects. I conclude that the unapologetic view emerges as an attractive, stable, and hitherto overlooked solution to the Problem of Reasonableness.
DATE: Monday 15 February 2016
Istanbul Sehir University Philosophy Talks 17
“The Epistemologies of al-Farabi and al-Ghazzali: Comparative Perspectives”
Prof. Osman Bakar
Distinguished Professor and Director Sultan Omar ‘Ali Saifuddien Centre for Islamic Studies (SOASCIS) Universiti Brunei Darussalam
Al-Farabi (870 AD– 950 AD) and al-Ghazzali (1058 AD – 1111 AD) are among the intellectual giants in the history of Islam. They were separated in time by nearly two centuries but judging from their writings they appeared to have been contemporaries. They belonged to two different intellectual schools of thought, al-Farabi to the Peripatetic school and al-Ghazzali to the school of kalam (“dialectical theology”). Their thoughts have both similarities and differences. Professor Bakar will discuss their similar ideas such as in their acceptance of the ideas of hierarchy of knowledge and tawhidic epistemology as well as their differences with regard to their understanding of the relationship between intellect-reason and revelation, their notions of philosophy, and the relationship between religion and philosophy. Professor Bakar presents arguments that despite their differences on many intellectual issues they are united in their thinking at a deeper level and as such are to be regarded as coming from the same intellectual universe of Islam.
Schedule below the fold: Read the rest of this entry »
Professor Kenneth Westphal, the internationally renowned Kant and Hegel Scholar, has joined the Bogazici philosophy department as a full-time member.
Ken Wesphal is the author or editor of 8 books, including, as author:
(1) Kant’s Transcendental Proof of Realism (Oxford University Press)
(4) Hegel, Hume und die Identitat wahrnehmbarer Dinge (Klostermann)
And as editor:
(1) The Blackwell Guide to Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit (Blackwell)
(2) Realism, Science, and Pragmatism (Routledge)
He has also published more than a 100 papers and articles. Ken will be a valuable addition to the philosophy community in Turkey, and we welcome him to the department and to Turkey.
Adam Crager form Princeton University will give a talk at the Bilkent University, Department of Philosophy on April 10, 2014 Thursday at 17:40 o’clock, Room G160.
There are a couple of philosophy reading groups at Boğaziçi this semester. Here are the details.
(1) UPDATE: We have now moved the reading group to Mondays from 5.15- 7pm, meeting in TB365
In the following 2 weeks we will be reading:
Chapter 1 of Peter Carruthers “The Architecture of Mind”
on “The case of Massively Modular Models of Mind”
The artful mind meets art history: Toward a psycho-historical framework for the science of art appreciation
Nicolas J. Bullota1 and Rolf Rebera
Feel free to join. If you want more information you can email me (Lucas): lthorpe(at)gmail.com
(2) Matt Jernberg is organizing a reading group on Thursday evenings, from 5-7pm, on Timothy Williamson‘s new book Modal Logic as Metaphysics. This group will meet in the TB building. Anyone interested should contact Matt: mattcat83(at)gmail.com