Hesperus is Bosphorus

A group blog by philosophers in and from Turkey

Author Archive

Kant workshop on May 24, Friday in Bogazici University (second update)

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14:00 Anita Leirfal (University of Bergen), “On the perception of forces: Some Kantian reflections”

15:30 Lucas Thorpe (BU), “Kant on character and calculus”

17:00 Ken Westphal (BU), Kant’s Two Models of Human Actions;

The talks will be in John Freely 507. Everyone welcome.

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Written by sundemirili

May 22, 2019 at 8:13 am

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Walter Veit’s talk in Bogazici

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“From Scaffolding to Natural Selection”; May 23, Thursday at 17h; John Freely Building Room #’s 507 and 508; Abstract: Darwin provided us with a powerful tool to explain the evolution of living systems: the Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection. Traditional approaches, however, merely relying on natural selection have proven insufficient to explain the emergence of new levels of selection, i.e. the major transitions. The problem is one of circularity for evolutionary explanations: how to explain the evolution of Darwinian properties without already invoking them at level they are supposed to emerge. Recent advances in experimental evolution suggest a way forward: Rainey et al. (2017) argue that Darwinian properties could be exogenously imposed via ecological scaffolding allowing natural selection to commence. This could solve the ‘black box’ dilemma faced by Darwinian explanations relying on natural selection. However, despite scaffolding recently becoming a popular theme in the study of cognition, culture and evolution, the concept has suffered from vagueness and ambiguity. In this paper, I develop scaffolding from a mere metaphor used in a vague sense of environmental support into a proper scientific concept able to do explanatory work. In doing so, I introduce a much needed distinction between what I call evolutionary scaffolding and developmental scaffolding that has not been recognized in the literature, analysing the significance of scaffolding for evolutionary biology.

Written by sundemirili

May 21, 2019 at 2:31 pm

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Paul Hoynigen-Hüne will give a talk on May 17, Friday at 17h in John Freely Building 507+508 (Bogazici University)

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Paul Hoynigen-Hüne; ‘The human sciences between quantification and hermeneutics’; Abstract-Abstract: I begin by a clarifying the terms “quantitative” and “qualitative”, which appear to characterize the contrast between the main approaches to the human sciences. I then present a framework, within which the question of the appropriate procedures in the human sciences
can be described and evaluated; it is systematicity theory (see P. Hoyningen Huene: Systematicity, OUP 2013). First, I discuss the aims of quantification, and its possible application in the human sciences. Second, I discuss the “counter-program” of hermeneutics, in which the notion of “understanding [verstehen] of meaning” plays a central role. I shall argue that understanding, in a specified sense, is indeed essential to the human sciences, especially in our attempts to make sense of actions. The result will be this. Also in the human sciences, quantification is attractive because it strongly supports the defense of knowledge claims, i.e. the scientific status of the human sciences. On the other hand, the core concept of the human sciences, meaning, so far completely resists quantification. This is a tension that the human sciences will have to face for some time to come.

Written by sundemirili

May 13, 2019 at 2:01 pm

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Hanna Read and Rafael Ventura will give a joint talk on April 26, Friday at 17h in JF507 (Bogazici)

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Hanna Read and Rafael Ventura (both from Bilkent University) “Signaling Polarization” ABSTRACT: Most accounts of the harm done by derogatory terms focus on the targets of derogation. In this paper, we argue that some forms of derogatory speech harm not only the targets of derogation, but also their users. By signaling lack of cooperation, derogatory language hinders communication. This deteriorates communication across the entire community, which has practically, epistemically, and morally harmful consequences.

Written by sundemirili

April 18, 2019 at 1:03 pm

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Two talks on April 12, Friday at Bogazici

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“Moral Certainty in the Light of Wittgenstein”
Ryan Manhire, Åbo Akademi, Finland and Flinders University, Australia
April 12, Friday at 15:00 JF 507

“Ethical Commitment Between Political Theory and Social Science”
Dr Campbell, Centre for Ethics as Study in Human Value, Czech Republic
April 12, Friday at 17:00 JF 507

Written by sundemirili

April 11, 2019 at 8:00 am

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Johanness Frietsche’s talk on April 5, Friday

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“Skillful coping, experience, and the universality of Kant’s table of judgments”
April 5, Friday at 17h in JF 507

Written by sundemirili

March 24, 2019 at 6:11 pm

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Istvan Aranyosi will talk on perception and memory on April 1, Monday at 13h in NB 119

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“Perception and Memory, ABSTRACT: I am going to explore the relationship between perception and memory, after which I draw some consequences critical to extant philosophical accounts of memory and put forward an alternative view of my own.

Written by sundemirili

March 24, 2019 at 6:08 pm

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