Hesperus is Bosphorus

A group blog by philosophers in and from Turkey

Author Archive

Professor Manuel Knoll Istanbul Şehir University    Three Proposals for the Reinterpretation of Ancient Philosophy. Istanbul Technical University. 07.05. 13:00-15:00

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Seminar
Department of Humanities and Social Sciences

7 May 2018, 1:00-3:00pm

Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi – ITB Seminar Room

 Professor Manuel Knoll

Istanbul Şehir University 

 Three Proposals for the Reinterpretation

of the History of Ancient Philosophy

This talk proposes a reinterpretation of three prevalent views of the history of ancient philosophy: (1) the talk criticizes Aristotle’s account of Thales according to which water is the material cause of all things and suggests an alternative interpretation. (2) It argues against the popular concept of the “Presocratics” and stresses the essential role of Protagoras as a turning point in the history of ancient philosophy. (3) Based on the latest historical research, the talk criticizes the widespread narrative that explains the rise of the new schools of the Skeptics, Stoics, and Epicureans through the decay of the polis in the Hellenistic age.

Prof. Dr. Manuel Knoll earned a PhD in Philosophy, Political Science and History from the University of Munich in 2000. In 2008 he achieved his habiliation  and venia legend in Political Theory and Philosophy. After lecturing at the University of Munich and at the Munich School of Political Science since 1998, he became a Professor of Philosophy at Fatih University, Istanbul, in 2011. In 2015 he became a Professor of Philosophy at Istanbul Şehir University, Istanbul. His main research and lecturing interests are Ancient, Modern and Contemporary Political Philosophy and Ethics, in particular Ancient and Contemporary Theories of Justice, Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Nietzsche, Rawls and Michael Walzer, Social Philosophy and Critical Theory, Ancient Greek Philosophy.

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Written by Barry Stocker

May 4, 2018 at 12:01 pm

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New philosophically oriented Master’s in Science, Technology and Society at Istanbul Technical University

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STS Afis

Written by Barry Stocker

May 18, 2016 at 4:16 pm

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Talk at Istanbul Technical University Friday 6th May 1.30

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To what extent does metaphysics depend on representationalism?

Jonathan Knowles

Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies

Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway

A prominent theme of neo-pragmatist thinking is that once we give up a certain representationalist conception of the relation between language and the world, many or even most of the characteristic concerns of philosophy will lapse. Among these are questions about how notions of everyday life such as meaning and value fit into a natural world (so-called ‘placement problems’). This line of thought is prominent in the work of Richard Rorty and, more recently, Huw Price. In this talk I critically examine Rorty’s and Price’s arguments against placement metaphysics from a rejection of representationalism. I will then discuss the implications of anti-representationalism for alternative or broader conceptions of what metaphysics might be.

Friday 6th May at 1:30

Istanbul Technical University

Ayazağa Campus (in Maslak)

Faculty of Science and Letters

Department of Humanities and Social Science

Seminar Room

 

 

Written by Barry Stocker

April 28, 2016 at 8:34 pm

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Soyarslan (North Carolina State) on Spinoza at ITU, 27.05

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The Transformative Ascent from Ordinary Life to Blessedness in Spinoza’s Ethics

Sanem Soyarslan

North Carolina State University

27th May 2014, at 13:30

Seminar Room, Department of Humanities and Social Science, Faculty of Science and Letters, Central Campus Istanbul Technical University (by ITU metro station)

Abstract: The origin of Spinoza’s philosophizing is the ethical dissatisfaction with ordinary life and its values. An ordinary life, for Spinoza, is prone is bondage to the passions, as it is a life dominated by the pursuit of transitory goods like honor, sensual pleasure and wealth. According to Spinoza, human happiness and wellbeing do not lie in ordinary life. Rather, the good human life is a life according to the order of the intellect. This is because for Spinoza there is an intrinsic relationship between the pursuit of understanding and the pursuit of the good life, where the latter consists in increasing the power of the mind over the passions and, thereby, becoming free and virtuous. Life according to the order of the intellect is marked by two ways of understanding (adequate knowledge) according to Spinoza’s taxonomy of knowledge [cognitio] in the Ethics: reason (ratio) and intuitive knowledge (scientia intuitiva). In this paper, I give an account of the transition from ordinary life to life according to the order of the intellect with a particular emphasis on intuitive knowledge, which Spinoza describes as the source of the highest human happiness. While reason has received much attention from Spinoza scholars with regard to its power and limits in restraining the passions, the power of intuitive knowledge vis-à-vis the passions has been largely overlooked. Drawing on this neglected aspect of Spinoza’s thought, I propose that the above mentioned transition (a) is achieved by way of a transformative ascent that culminates in intuitive self-knowledge—i.e. adequate knowledge of our own essence as it directly follows from God’s essence, and (b) consists in a change in perspective that helps us to reorder our desires and, consequently, become less prone to harmful passions in this life.

Written by Barry Stocker

May 23, 2014 at 5:17 pm

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Philosophers speaking at Animal Politics event, Istanbul 12th-13th Dec.

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Animal Politics: Theory and Practice

International Symposium
12 and 13 December 2013 * Larespark Hotel, Istanbul, Turkey

The symposium is organised by the Animal Politics Foundation (APF), the foundation that organises and coordinates the international activities of the Party for the Animals.
Contact details:info@animalpoliticsfoundation.nl

https://www.partijvoordedieren.nl/recent/InternationalSymposium

Written by Barry Stocker

December 10, 2013 at 5:32 pm

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Talk at ITU (10.12.13): Rainer Brömer on ‘Bioethics from Theoretical and Applied Perspectives’

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Tuesday 10th December, 1.30

Istanbul Technical University

Department of Humanities and Social Science Seminar Series

“Bioethics from Theoretical and Applied Perspectives”

Rainer Brömer

İstanbul University Medical Faculty (Çapa)

Beşikçizade Center for Medical Humanities (BETİM)

‘Bioethics is a field of interdisciplinary research between philosophy, science, and medicine. With the increasing reach of medical technology and its impact on human life, doctors and other healthcare professionals have become increasingly compelled to confront novel medical ethical dilemmas (e.g., brain death concept). A growing sensitivity to animal suffering and the detrimental impact of human activities on the biosphere have led to a revaluation of ethical issues regarding non-human life forms, too. Often the same sources for bioethics are being interpreted in diametrically opposed ways, while attitudes deriving from different traditions can cause conflict in pluralistic societies (e.g., veganism among Muslims during Kurban Bayramı). We will look at the state of practical bioethical debates in Turkey today from the perspective of different theoretical approaches.’

Department of Humanities and Social Science
Seminar Room
Faculty of Science and Letters
Istanbul Technical University
Central Campus

Written by Barry Stocker

December 4, 2013 at 8:51 pm

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Talk at ITU, 13:30. 26.11.13, Başak Keki, University of Sussxex, ‘Nietzsche on Individuation’

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Başak Keki (University of Sussex)

‘Nietzsche on Individuation: Cultivating a Style of Character’

Tuesday 26th November, 2013

13:30

Istanbul Technical University

(Central Campus)

Faculty of Science and Letters

Department of Humanities and Social Science

Seminar Room

Maslak

Istanbul

(Campus is by the ITU-Ayazağa Metro station, it may be useful to note that the campus and station are in Maslak, not Ayazağa, which is a nearby but separate district)

 

Written by Barry Stocker

November 24, 2013 at 9:48 pm

Posted in Uncategorized