Hesperus is Bosphorus

A group blog by philosophers in and from Turkey

Archive for March 2019

Jack Woods at Bilkent – POSTPONED

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“The Disunity of Truth as a Working Hypothesis”

By Jack Woods (Leeds, Philosophy) (co-author, Dan Waxman)

Date: tba

Time: tba

Place: tba

 

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Abstract:  Many contemporary philosophers are engaged in the project of constructing theories of truth. But what exactly does this project consist in—what are the terms of engagement? Here is a natural pair of views about what we’re up to. First, as a descriptive matter, the ordinary intuitive concept of truth is inconsistent, or at least jointly inconsistent with our actual logical concepts. Second, as a result, the aim of constructing a theory of truth is to provide a revisionary theory which “limits the damage”. And the idea here is to isolate the main functional role that the ordinary notion of truth was supposed to play, and construct (insofar as it’s possible) a maximally strong, consistent theory which best serves that role.

Thinking of things this way, though, invites a question. Why would we think that there exists a single unified role for our notion of truth to play? After all, truth is put to a range of different uses which, on their face, differ wildly from one another. In pure mathematics, we use the notion of truth to distinguish intended from unintended models and to prove otherwise undecidable sentences. In natural language semantics, we use the notion of truth to give a compositional theory of meaning. In studying human behavior, we use the notion of truth to explain how we reliably and successfully achieve our aims. In epistemology, we use the notion of truth as a target for belief, assertion, and justification. And more generally, we seem to use truth in many domains as a mere device of generalization.

Focusing on these quite distinct roles for a truth concept to play naturally leads one to wonder whether a single concept is capable of playing them all. More specifically, once the diversity of roles of truth is made clear, there seems to be space for a radically disunified view of truth: perhaps the aim of damage limitation might be better served by allowing our naive—inconsistent—notion of truth to fragment into several different notions, each of which is locally suited for one of the projects of the kind mentioned above. In other words, these quite distinct roles seem to suggest that we flirt with a version of alethic pluralism.

About the speaker: Jack Woods is University Academic Fellow in Mathematical Philosophy at the University of Leeds. He works in the philosophy of logic, language, and metaethics. He also has interests in ancient philosophy. His recent work has focused on a defense of a conventional approach to normativity, especially the normativity of logic. He taught previously at the Department of Philosophy at Bilkent University and did his graduate work at Princeton University under John Burgess. He has published in journals such as Ethics, Philosophical Studies, The Journal of Philosophical Logic, Nous, and Philosophia Mathematica.

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Written by Sandrine Berges

March 29, 2019 at 1:40 pm

Posted in Uncategorized

Dr. Barry Stocker on “Vico on the End of Art” at Koc University Philosophy Department

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Dr. Barry Stocker (Istanbul Technical University) will give a talk on “Vico on the End of Art” at Koc University Philosophy Department.

Date: March 29, 2019

Time: 15.00 – 17.00

Place: SOS Z27 (Koc University)

Abstract:

The work of the 18th century Neapolitan philosopher Giambattista Vico includes a major focus on the role of Homeric epic in interpreting societies where law has not fully developed as a public institution applying to all citizens. Vico advances the view that poetry, whether as Homeric epic or in a more general sense, has less importance in societies where rationality and law ground institutions and condition public language. In the transition from ‘heroic’ to ‘human’ stages of history, both violence and imagination are subordinated to universal justice and the use of reason. Vico presents a version of the ‘death of art’ thesis to be found in later philosophers including Hegel, Nietzsche, Adorno and Danto. This paper will clarify all these points in putting forward an argument about what the ‘death of art’ means in  different thinkers and what Vico has to contribute to understanding the place of the aesthetic in social philosophy. Vico both suggests an early version of the death of art thesis, while also showing that the decline of art leads to social disintegration.

 

Written by erhandemircioglu

March 28, 2019 at 2:25 pm

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MBB Seminar at Bilkent tomorrow: Ercument Cicek

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Ercument Cicek (Bilkent, Computer Engineering)

“ST-Steiner: A Spatio-Temporal Gene Discovery Algorithm.”

Date: Wednesday, 27 March, 2019

Time: 1240 – 1330

Place: A-130

Organized by the Mind, Brain and Behavior Research Group at Bilkent University.

Abstract: Whole exome sequencing (WES) studies for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) could identify only around six dozen risk genes to date because the genetic architecture of the disorder is highly complex. To speed the gene discovery process up, a few network-based ASD gene discovery algorithms were proposed. Although these methods use static gene interaction networks, functional clustering of genes is bound to evolve during neurodevelopment and disruptions are likely to have a cascading effect on the future associations. Thus, approaches that disregard the dynamic nature of neurodevelopment are limited in power. In this talk, I will present a spatio-temporal gene discovery algorithm for progressive disorders, which leverages information from evolving gene coexpression networks. in the context of ASD, the algorithm solves an adapted prize collecting Steiner forest based problem on coexpression networks to model neurodevelopment and transfer information from precursor neurodevelopmental windows. The decisions made by the algorithm can be traced back, adding interpretability to the results. We apply the algorithm on WES data of 3,871 samples and identify risk clusters using BrainSpan coexpression networks of early- and mid-fetal periods. On an independent dataset, we show that incorporation of the temporal dimension increases the predictive power: Predicted clusters are hit more and show higher enrichment in ASD-related functions compared to the state-of-the-art.

About the speakerErcument Cicek earned his BS and MS degrees in Computer Science and Engineering from Sabanci University. He received his Ph.D. degree in Computer Science from Case Western Reserve University in 2013. During his Ph.D., he visited Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory to work on gene discovery algorithms for Autism Spectrum Disorder. After graduation, he worked as a Lane Fellow in Computational Biology at Carnegie Mellon University till 2015. Since then, he is an assistant professor in the Computer Engineering Department of Bilkent University and is an adjunct faculty member in the Computational Biology Department of Carnegie Mellon University. Short bio: Ercument Cicek earned his BS and MS degrees in Computer Science and Engineering from Sabanci University. He received his Ph.D. degree in Computer Science from Case Western Reserve University in 2013. During his Ph.D., he visited Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory to work on gene discovery algorithms for Autism Spectrum Disorder. After graduation, he worked as a Lane Fellow in Computational Biology at Carnegie Mellon University till 2015. Since then, he is an assistant professor in the Computer Engineering Department of Bilkent University and is an adjunct faculty member in the Computational Biology Department of Carnegie Mellon University.

Written by Sandrine Berges

March 26, 2019 at 11:03 am

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Johanness Frietsche’s talk on April 5, Friday

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“Skillful coping, experience, and the universality of Kant’s table of judgments”
April 5, Friday at 17h in JF 507

Written by sundemirili

March 24, 2019 at 6:11 pm

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Istvan Aranyosi will talk on perception and memory on April 1, Monday at 13h in NB 119

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“Perception and Memory, ABSTRACT: I am going to explore the relationship between perception and memory, after which I draw some consequences critical to extant philosophical accounts of memory and put forward an alternative view of my own.

Written by sundemirili

March 24, 2019 at 6:08 pm

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Sehir Philosophy Talks 45//Kenneth Westphal on 26 March 2019

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PT45_MAILING

Written by metindemirsehir

March 21, 2019 at 12:28 pm

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meeting on March 22, Friday for a follow up to last week’s qualia talk

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The discussion will focus on how the view presented last time might be improved upon. Stephen Voss will run the discussion. Place: John Freely 507; Time: 17h

Written by sundemirili

March 18, 2019 at 9:15 pm

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