Hesperus is Bosphorus

A group blog by philosophers in and from Turkey

Archive for March 2019

Jack Woods at Bilkent – POSTPONED

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“The Disunity of Truth as a Working Hypothesis”

By Jack Woods (Leeds, Philosophy) (co-author, Dan Waxman)

Date: tba

Time: tba

Place: tba

 

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Abstract:  Many contemporary philosophers are engaged in the project of constructing theories of truth. But what exactly does this project consist in—what are the terms of engagement? Here is a natural pair of views about what we’re up to. First, as a descriptive matter, the ordinary intuitive concept of truth is inconsistent, or at least jointly inconsistent with our actual logical concepts. Second, as a result, the aim of constructing a theory of truth is to provide a revisionary theory which “limits the damage”. And the idea here is to isolate the main functional role that the ordinary notion of truth was supposed to play, and construct (insofar as it’s possible) a maximally strong, consistent theory which best serves that role.

Thinking of things this way, though, invites a question. Why would we think that there exists a single unified role for our notion of truth to play? After all, truth is put to a range of different uses which, on their face, differ wildly from one another. In pure mathematics, we use the notion of truth to distinguish intended from unintended models and to prove otherwise undecidable sentences. In natural language semantics, we use the notion of truth to give a compositional theory of meaning. In studying human behavior, we use the notion of truth to explain how we reliably and successfully achieve our aims. In epistemology, we use the notion of truth as a target for belief, assertion, and justification. And more generally, we seem to use truth in many domains as a mere device of generalization.

Focusing on these quite distinct roles for a truth concept to play naturally leads one to wonder whether a single concept is capable of playing them all. More specifically, once the diversity of roles of truth is made clear, there seems to be space for a radically disunified view of truth: perhaps the aim of damage limitation might be better served by allowing our naive—inconsistent—notion of truth to fragment into several different notions, each of which is locally suited for one of the projects of the kind mentioned above. In other words, these quite distinct roles seem to suggest that we flirt with a version of alethic pluralism.

About the speaker: Jack Woods is University Academic Fellow in Mathematical Philosophy at the University of Leeds. He works in the philosophy of logic, language, and metaethics. He also has interests in ancient philosophy. His recent work has focused on a defense of a conventional approach to normativity, especially the normativity of logic. He taught previously at the Department of Philosophy at Bilkent University and did his graduate work at Princeton University under John Burgess. He has published in journals such as Ethics, Philosophical Studies, The Journal of Philosophical Logic, Nous, and Philosophia Mathematica.

Written by Sandrine Berges

March 29, 2019 at 1:40 pm

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Dr. Barry Stocker on “Vico on the End of Art” at Koc University Philosophy Department

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Dr. Barry Stocker (Istanbul Technical University) will give a talk on “Vico on the End of Art” at Koc University Philosophy Department.

Date: March 29, 2019

Time: 15.00 – 17.00

Place: SOS Z27 (Koc University)

Abstract:

The work of the 18th century Neapolitan philosopher Giambattista Vico includes a major focus on the role of Homeric epic in interpreting societies where law has not fully developed as a public institution applying to all citizens. Vico advances the view that poetry, whether as Homeric epic or in a more general sense, has less importance in societies where rationality and law ground institutions and condition public language. In the transition from ‘heroic’ to ‘human’ stages of history, both violence and imagination are subordinated to universal justice and the use of reason. Vico presents a version of the ‘death of art’ thesis to be found in later philosophers including Hegel, Nietzsche, Adorno and Danto. This paper will clarify all these points in putting forward an argument about what the ‘death of art’ means in  different thinkers and what Vico has to contribute to understanding the place of the aesthetic in social philosophy. Vico both suggests an early version of the death of art thesis, while also showing that the decline of art leads to social disintegration.

 

Written by erhandemircioglu

March 28, 2019 at 2:25 pm

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MBB Seminar at Bilkent tomorrow: Ercument Cicek

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Ercument Cicek (Bilkent, Computer Engineering)

“ST-Steiner: A Spatio-Temporal Gene Discovery Algorithm.”

Date: Wednesday, 27 March, 2019

Time: 1240 – 1330

Place: A-130

Organized by the Mind, Brain and Behavior Research Group at Bilkent University.

Abstract: Whole exome sequencing (WES) studies for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) could identify only around six dozen risk genes to date because the genetic architecture of the disorder is highly complex. To speed the gene discovery process up, a few network-based ASD gene discovery algorithms were proposed. Although these methods use static gene interaction networks, functional clustering of genes is bound to evolve during neurodevelopment and disruptions are likely to have a cascading effect on the future associations. Thus, approaches that disregard the dynamic nature of neurodevelopment are limited in power. In this talk, I will present a spatio-temporal gene discovery algorithm for progressive disorders, which leverages information from evolving gene coexpression networks. in the context of ASD, the algorithm solves an adapted prize collecting Steiner forest based problem on coexpression networks to model neurodevelopment and transfer information from precursor neurodevelopmental windows. The decisions made by the algorithm can be traced back, adding interpretability to the results. We apply the algorithm on WES data of 3,871 samples and identify risk clusters using BrainSpan coexpression networks of early- and mid-fetal periods. On an independent dataset, we show that incorporation of the temporal dimension increases the predictive power: Predicted clusters are hit more and show higher enrichment in ASD-related functions compared to the state-of-the-art.

About the speakerErcument Cicek earned his BS and MS degrees in Computer Science and Engineering from Sabanci University. He received his Ph.D. degree in Computer Science from Case Western Reserve University in 2013. During his Ph.D., he visited Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory to work on gene discovery algorithms for Autism Spectrum Disorder. After graduation, he worked as a Lane Fellow in Computational Biology at Carnegie Mellon University till 2015. Since then, he is an assistant professor in the Computer Engineering Department of Bilkent University and is an adjunct faculty member in the Computational Biology Department of Carnegie Mellon University. Short bio: Ercument Cicek earned his BS and MS degrees in Computer Science and Engineering from Sabanci University. He received his Ph.D. degree in Computer Science from Case Western Reserve University in 2013. During his Ph.D., he visited Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory to work on gene discovery algorithms for Autism Spectrum Disorder. After graduation, he worked as a Lane Fellow in Computational Biology at Carnegie Mellon University till 2015. Since then, he is an assistant professor in the Computer Engineering Department of Bilkent University and is an adjunct faculty member in the Computational Biology Department of Carnegie Mellon University.

Written by Sandrine Berges

March 26, 2019 at 11:03 am

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Johanness Frietsche’s talk on April 5, Friday

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“Skillful coping, experience, and the universality of Kant’s table of judgments”
April 5, Friday at 17h in JF 507

Written by sundemirili

March 24, 2019 at 6:11 pm

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Istvan Aranyosi will talk on perception and memory on April 1, Monday at 13h in NB 119

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“Perception and Memory, ABSTRACT: I am going to explore the relationship between perception and memory, after which I draw some consequences critical to extant philosophical accounts of memory and put forward an alternative view of my own.

Written by sundemirili

March 24, 2019 at 6:08 pm

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Sehir Philosophy Talks 45//Kenneth Westphal on 26 March 2019

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PT45_MAILING

Written by metindemirsehir

March 21, 2019 at 12:28 pm

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meeting on March 22, Friday for a follow up to last week’s qualia talk

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The discussion will focus on how the view presented last time might be improved upon. Stephen Voss will run the discussion. Place: John Freely 507; Time: 17h

Written by sundemirili

March 18, 2019 at 9:15 pm

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Sehir Philosophy Talks 44/Chryssi Sidiropoulou/ 12 March 2019 Tuesday

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philosophy-talks-44-MAIL

Written by metindemirsehir

March 10, 2019 at 6:02 pm

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Applications open for MA in Philosophy at Bilkent.

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The department of philosophy at Bilkent is now accepting applications for the M.A. in Philosophy (for those starting the degree in Fall 2019).

All successful applicants will receive a comprehensive scholarship(tuition waiver, accommodation support, private health insurance, and monthly stipend).

Up to five successful applicants will have the opportunity to spend a semester at the School of Philosophy at Australian National University. [Photos]

The philosophy department at Bilkent is ranked #1 in Turkey for research. Our research focuses on central areas of analytic philosophy: metaphysics and philosophy of mind, and social and political philosophy. We also have strengths in the history of philosophy.

Applicants from all disciplines are encouraged to apply. We also welcome applications from international students. The language of instruction for all courses is English.

Admission to the Program is highly competitive.

Admission requirements and online application can be found here. Note that the English language proficiency scores are not required for native English speakers.

Deadlines for Fall 2019 applicants:-
Application deadline: 8 June 2019 (at 5.30pm local time)
Written exam for invited candidates: 13 June 2019*
Interview for invited candidates: 14 June 2019*

* International students may take the written exam remotely and complete the interview via skype. A similar arrangement may be possible for Turkish students who are not based in Ankara.

See the Philosophy Department webpage for poster and details.

Inquiries to philgrad@bilkent.edu.tr

Apply here.

Written by Sandrine Berges

March 10, 2019 at 1:02 pm

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Stephen Voss’ qualia talk on March 15, Friday at 17h in JFB

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Stephen Voss, Are there Qualia? March 15, Friday in John Freely 507 at 17h

Written by sundemirili

March 9, 2019 at 10:13 pm

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Recent Trends in the Philosophy of Biology at Bilkent: Registration Open

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Please note that there are limited places and that registration is compulsory. You can register here .

 

Recent Trends in the Philosophy of Biology – May 17-18, Bilkent University Philosophy Department.

Philosophy of biology is a field of study that aims to solve conceptual puzzles within the biomedical sciences, as well as illuminate traditional questions in philosophy by appealing to biological knowledge. About 40 years ago, philosophy of biology was still a niche topic in the philosophy of science. Now that the field has matured into a thriving sub-discipline engaging philosophers and biologists alike, it is time to take stock. Where is the field going? What are some of the questions that still require work? And what new methods are available to address them? In an effort to address these issues, this interdisciplinary conference will explore some of the recent trends in the philosophy of biology.

Keynotes: Laura Franklin-Hall (NYU), Barry Loewer (Rutgers), Alexander Rosenberg (Duke), & Elliott Sober (Wisconsin-Madison).

Speakers: Beate Krickel (Ruhr-University of Bochum), Adrian Currie (Exeter), Thomas Pradeu (CNRS/ Bordeaux), Arnon Levy (Hebrew University), Topaz Halperin (Hebrew University),  Mehmet Elgin (Muğla University), & Rafael Ventura (Bilkent University).

Dates: May 17-18, 2019

Host Department: Philosophy, Bilkent University

Mandatory Registration: Limited seats are available for this event. Attendance is free for all graduate students, post-docs, independent researchers and faculty, but advance registration is required.  Click here to register.

Written by Sandrine Berges

March 7, 2019 at 8:31 am

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New MA program in Philosophy at Koç University (Istanbul), with Scholarships.

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Application details can be found here.
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Written by Lucas Thorpe

March 6, 2019 at 12:08 pm

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Cognitive Science Talks at Boğaziçi, Spring 2019

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This semester our cognitive science talks will generally take place on Tuesdays from 5.15-6.45 in JF507. A draft schedule can be found below. Additional talks will be added.

Tuesday, March 5th
Marco Fenici (Bilkent, Philosophy): “The sociocultural nature of mindreading:  an empirical, theoretical, and meta-theoretical defence”.

Tuesday, March 19th
Funda Yıldırım (Yeditepe, Computer Engineering): “Neurofeedback and Cognitive States”

Tuesday, April 9th
Fuat Balcı (Koç, Psychology): “As the Irish say “Speed and accuracy do not agree”: Brain, Time, and Errors”

Tuesday, April 16th 
Ibrahim Hakan Gürvit (Neurology, Istanbul University): “A Psychoanalytically-Inspired Neuroscientific  Conception of (De-centralized) Consciousness.”

Tuesday, April 30th
Saffet Murat Tura (Psychiatrist): “”Nasıl Oluyor da Rüyalarımızı anlatabiliyoruz” (in Turkish)

Tuesday, May 7th
Emrah Aktunc (Özyeğin, Psychology): “Productive theory-ladenness in neuroimaging”

POSPONED Tuesday, May 14th POSTPONED
Pavel Logačev (Boğaziçi, Linguistics): “Sentence Processing.”

Written by Lucas Thorpe

March 4, 2019 at 12:15 pm

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Sehir Phil. Talks 43/ 5 March 2019

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PT43_Huseyin_Kuyumcuoglu_2019_03_05_BASKI-page-001

Written by metindemirsehir

March 3, 2019 at 2:19 pm

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