Hesperus is Bosphorus

A group blog by philosophers in and from Turkey

Archive for January 2018

Talk by Rafael Ventura (Duke) at Bilkent 5 February

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“Ambiguous Signals, Partial Beliefs, and Propositions”

Rafael Ventura (Duke, Philosophy)

Monday 5th February, 2018, 1640-1800, H-232.

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Abstract: Propositions are usually taken to help explain the behavior of rational agents. However, a closer look at signaling games suggests otherwise: rational agents often acquire partial beliefs, and many of their signals are ambiguous. Signaling games also suggest that it is rational for agents to mix their behavior in response to partial beliefs and ambiguous signals. But as I show in this talk, propositions cannot help explain the mixing behavior of rational agents. My suggestion is that we should abandon propositions in explanations of rational behavior and adopt instead a probabilistic notion of content.

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Written by Sandrine Berges

January 30, 2018 at 11:16 am

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Sehir Philosophy Talks 37 Alberto Siani 2 February Friday 14:00

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Written by metindemirsehir

January 30, 2018 at 10:35 am

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Talk by Sara Aronowitz at Bilkent, 2 Feb

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“Memory is a Modeling System”

By Sara Aronowitz (University of Michigan Ann Arbor, Philosophy)

Friday 2nd February, 2018, 1100-1230, H-232

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Abstract: This talk addresses the question: how does memory help us learn? I start by re-thinking the epistemic problem that memory systems solve in light of memory successes and failures in humans, rodents, and artificial systems. Rather than merely functioning to store information or to preserve justification, I argue that the core function of any memory system is to support accurate and relevant retrieval. This problem formulation has consequences for which structures and mechanisms make up a memory system. In brief, memory systems are modeling systems. This means that they generate, update and manage a series of overlapping, simplified, relational representations that map out features of the world. Succeeding at building and maintaining models requires the kind of active knowledge generation traditionally associated only with deliberative reasoning.

Written by Sandrine Berges

January 25, 2018 at 5:53 pm

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Sehir Philosophy Talks 36 Any Need for Islamic Ethics in a Secularized World // Tuba Işık

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Written by metindemirsehir

January 19, 2018 at 8:45 am

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Ben Lennertz (Western Kentucky, Philosophy)  at Bilkent, 3 January

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“Two Varieties of Appropriation and the Pragmatic Theory of Slurs

Wednesday, 3rd January, 2018, 1500–1700, H-232.

 

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Abstract: Most theorists accept that slurs are derogatory and their use causes warranted offense. However, there are situations in which uses of slurs are neither derogatory nor offensive. The process that allows for this is called appropriation or reclamation. There are two sorts of appropriation – language-wide appropriation, where any speaker of the language can use a term without derogating or causing warranted offense, and in-groupappropriation, where only members of the group targeted by the slur can do so. In this presentation, I highlight this distinction and show how it causes trouble for an account of slurs that is growing in popularity – a pragmaticaccount where the offense caused by the use of a slur arises primarily because of the speaker’s choice to use it rather than an inoffensive neutral counterpart (as in Bolinger 2017). I conclude by offering suggestions for how a theory of slurs might explain the two sorts of appropriation.

Web: https://lennertz.weebly.com/

Written by Sandrine Berges

January 2, 2018 at 4:29 pm

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