Hesperus is Bosphorus

A group blog by philosophers in and from Turkey

Archive for December 2017


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III. METU Undergraduate Philosophy Conference 2018 /3. ODTÜ LİSANS ÖĞRENCİLERİ FELSEFE KONGRESİ
April 14-15th, 2018/ 14-15 Nisan 2018
B14, Social Sciences Building, METU

15th February 2018 (800-1000 words)/15 ŞUBAT 2018 (800-1000 keli me)

TARİHI: 1st March 2018/ 1 Mart 2018

LANGUAGE: English or Turkish.



B14 Amfisi,
Sosyal Bilimler Binası, ODTÜ

For more information/ DETAYLI BİLGİ İÇİN:

Rasearch Asssistant
Philosophy Department
Social Sciences Building / Z39 / METU
Phone: +90 312 210 59 47

Written by Serife Tekin

December 28, 2017 at 6:00 pm

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Talk at Bilkent: Saniye Vatansever

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“Kant’s Response to Hume in the Second Analogy: A Critique of Buchdahl’s and Friedman’s Accounts”

Saniye Vatansever (Yeditepe, Philosophy)

Wednesday 20th December, 2017, 1640-1745, H-232


Abstract: While commentators mostly agree that in the Second Analogy Kant responds to the “Humean problem,” there is not yet an agreement on exactly which Humean problem he aims to solve. L.W. Beck, Gerd Buchdahl, Graham Bird and Henry Allison, among others, argue that the Second Analogy addresses Hume’s “problem of causation,” which is a problem concerning the justification of the concept of causation and the Causal Principle. In this paper, I focus particularly on Buchdahl’s interpretation of the Second Analogy, to which I refer as the “modest reading” because on his reading the Second Analogy has a modest goal of solving only Hume’s problem of causation. In response to Buchdahl’s modest reading,Michael Friedman, among others, argues for the “strong reading” of the Second Analogy, according to which Kant addresses not only Hume’s problem of causation, but also the problem of induction. The problem of induction is a problem about the validity of inductive inferences and a satisfactory solution to it requires demonstration of the validity of the principle of the uniformity of nature.In contrast with Buchdahl’s and Friedman’s influential readings, which view the Second Analogy as addressing one or the other of the Humean problems, I argue that the Second Analogy achieves more than addressing the problem of causation,and yet falls short of solving the problem of induction. The alternative reading I offer consists of the following three theses (i) contra Buchdahl, the Second Analogy argument proves both the necessity of the Causal Principle and the existence of its particular determinations, i.e., necessary empirical causal laws; (ii) contra Buchdahl and Friedman, empirical laws express two different kinds of necessity that are not reducible to each other; and finally, (iii) contra Friedman,even though the Second Analogy proves the existence of (necessary and strictly universal) empirical laws, it does not establish the uniformity of nature, which in turn means that the Second Analogy argument does not solve Hume’s problem of induction.

Written by Sandrine Berges

December 18, 2017 at 10:35 am

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Şehir Philosophy Talks 35// Nihat Ülner

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Written by metindemirsehir

December 14, 2017 at 3:53 pm

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Talk by Baver Demircan at Koç (CANCELLED)

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The following event was announced a few days ago. Unfortunately, due to our speaker’s health situation, it had to be cancelled.

Baver Demircan (Üsküdar University)

“Being and Thought in Hegel”

Friday, December 15, 14:00-16:00, 2017, CSSH SOS 104, Koç University

Organized by the Philosophy Department of Koç University


The Hegelian Logic provides the conceptual – categorical structure of natural and spiritual processes. Nature and Spirit are more advanced determinations of this logical structure. The categories in the Logic do not belong to our intellect, even if their dialectical correlations are described as pure thought-determinations (forms) by and in the mind. It is Being that deduces dialectically the categories from one another in its development; and when the development in the Logic is completed, it becomes manifest that Being is nothing other than the Idea as such (the logical Idea). The idea as such develops and realizes itself as Nature or natural processes, and returns to itself as the sphere of Spirit by mediating itself with Nature. If we consider the Logic as the universal of the development process of the Hegelian substance, that is to say, if we take it as the in-itself (an sich) of this development process, its existence is for us and the subject of reflection. In other words, as the onto-logical structure of the whole system it is exposed by the act of reflection, but it is the development of such an onto-logical structure as natural and spiritual processes that grounds its exposition by and in the mind. The logic constitutes the in-itself of the actuality – of the process of being itself of the Hegelian substance. But it is also the self (selbst) of this development process, since the natural and spiritual processes are conceptually exposed through the categories as the totality of dialectically deduced thought-determinations by the act of reflection. Therefore, two aspects of the Hegelian logic have to be taken in consideration on the basis of the distinction and relation between in-itself (an sich) and self (selbst) of the Hegelian substance. In this speech, we are going to give our own rationale for not treating the Hegelian logic as a transcendental logic.

Written by Erhan Demircioglu

December 12, 2017 at 2:26 pm

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Talk by Michelle Adams at Bilkent, 15 December (NSC/Psychology)

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Michelle Adams (Bilkent, NSC/Psychology)

“Cognitive Aging and its Relationship to Neuronal Structure and Function

Friday, 15th December, 2017, 1240 – 1330, A-130

Organized by the Mind, Brain and Behavior Research Group at Bilkent University.


Abstract: Normal aging is accompanied by a range of biological changes that diminish quality of life. Understanding the changes contributing to memory decline is important for developing strategies to prevent or lessen cognitive problems. What are the specific changes that take place during aging which lead to decrements in neural function? What are the intrinsic biological determinants of those changes? What factors can ameliorate these changes? I will present data from the laboratory examining the neural consequences of aging on behavior and the brain. In addition, I will discuss the effects of an intervention, caloric restriction, which alters the course of neural aging.

About the Speaker: Dr. Adams received her PhD in Neuroscience in 2001 from the New York University – Mount Sinai School of Medicine.  Her PhD work focused on the relationship among brain aging, cognitive decline, estrogen, and glutamate receptors.  Dr. Adams did a postdoctoral fellowship at the HHMI in Brown/MIT examining the functional consequences of altering glutamate receptor levels and then in 2004 she went to the Neurobiology and Anatomy Department at Wake Forest University School of Medicine to study the effects of caloric restriction on synaptic glutamate receptors.  In 2005 Dr. Adams became an assistant professor at Wake Forest University and then in 2009 she moved to Bilkent University where she is currently an associate professor in the Psychology Department and director of the interdisciplinary graduate program in Neuroscience.

Written by Sandrine Berges

December 6, 2017 at 9:47 am

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Talk by Özlem Yilmaz (ITU) at Boğazici: “On Some Concepts of Plant Stress Physiology.” Thursday, 07/12/2017, 5pm.

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ozlem Yilmazozlem Yilmaz

Written by Lucas Thorpe

December 5, 2017 at 8:28 pm

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Sehir Uni Phil Talks 34 // Manuel Knoll

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Written by metindemirsehir

December 4, 2017 at 2:32 pm

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